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How to Tell if an Emerald is Real or Fake

Colombian emerald rings

Real Emerald Rings

We Sell Natural Emeralds in Genuine Emerald Jewelry!

The finest natural emeralds in the world today are mined in Colombia, South America. Sellers of gemstones will usually tell you their emeralds are from Colombia because Colombian emeralds are the most desirable and valuable. Zambia, Brazil, Afghanistan and Pakistan also produce beautiful, good quality emeralds. However, each emerald has distinctions (color combinations and other inherent attributes) that distinguish and tie it to the region of the world from where it was mined. Only someone with expertise and superior knowledge can determine a stone’s origin. 
The difference between a natural and a synthetic (or lab created) emerald can be difficult for the average person to determine.   The following steps show how you can discover if an emerald is real  . . . or not.
There are laboratories creating “green stones” very similar in chemical composition to natural emeralds.  These lab created stones are so identical to the natural ones, some even include the apparent natural flaws inside of the stone. A number of stores may display these stones with different names such as “lab grown,” “Chatham,” “man made,” and “lab created.”  These “emeralds” can be larger, have nicer color, and contain fewer flaws than real mined emeralds and their composition may also be comparable to natural emeralds.  However, the fact that their cost is usually a fraction of the price of the real natural mined emeralds.
An emerald having a very vivid and intense shade of green; extremely clean with the same brilliant luster (shine) visible on a natural emerald of far greater quality (and cost!), and with a price tag of only USD $500 (or less) per carat, indicates that this is not a realistic price for a real natural emerald.  When the price is suspiciously low, you are probably looking at a lab created emerald.  Also be aware that there are unscrupulous merchants deceiving uninformed buyers by offering fake emeralds at normal “real emerald” prices.   Always ask if the emeralds you are looking at are created or natural.
Ask the seller for a 10x loupe and a bright light or a good magnifying lens. If you see tiny flaws or irregular patterns within the stone and (this is a very important detail) small natural holes or tiny deep lines especially in the pavilion (the backside) of the gemstone, this is an indication that it may be a natural emerald. Make sure you check for air bubbles BECAUSE normally natural emeralds don’t have isolated air bubbles.
The best place to buy emeralds or emerald jewelry is to buy from a reputable licensed jeweler where you can contact them and speak with someone personally, not via phone numbers with voice mail and no human contact.  The sales receipt from the store showing your purchase SHOULD ALWAYS state the exact information about the item including: shape or cut,  emerald gemstone size(s), carat weight and origin of the gemstone, and certifying that it is a natural or a mined emerald.  Read the return policy and make sure you have a money back guarantee if something is not real or as stated with the natural emerald you have purchased.
https://www.emeraldsandjewelry.com When you purchase any of our exclusive emerald designs or a loose emerald, we provide you a Jewelry Sales Receipt that displays a colorful picture of the item, it also describes the item’s attributes (central gem & setting) as well as the sales price. If the purchased item is valued $7,000.00 USD or more, besides of the jewelry sales receipt, we provide you an appraisal at no additional cost to you; the appraisal is a document stating the approximate retail replacement value of the item, it is prepared by a GIA graduated gemologist who also is a certified insurance appraiser.
How to Buy Emeralds or Emerald Jewelry? see

Loose natural emeralds from Colombia for sale

VISIT our page of loose natural Colombian emeralds for sale available online and ready to ship


Fake emeralds


Natural emeralds

NATURAL EMERALDS ON THE TOP MUST BE CLEAN (FREE OF FRACTURES, CRACKS OR HOLES) good symmetry and facets should be aligned straight in relation to the gem’s girdle.

Flaws in natural emeralds


Fake emerald

Clean, very brilliant and deep green color but fake emerald or lab created.

Genuine emerald

Genuine Colombian emerald from Coscuez mines a little bit yellow medium to deep color, visible natural flows but not cracks, fractures or black carbon spots, square emerald cut medium quality.

genuine emerald

Genuine Colombian emerald from Muzo mines, vibrant green bluish medium-deep color natural flows but not fractures or black carbon spots, rectangle emerald cut medium to good quality.


  1. sheila frey says:

    this is great thanks….I mentioned a lab created emerald to a jewerler in a Turkish market and he became very insulted and said they were lab created and real …..sorry not to me….I like the real thing

  2. mrntr says:

    I have not fully made emerald gemlike, howndo i know if its fake?

  3. A peerson essentially lend a hand to make seriously poosts I’d state.
    That is the very first time I frequented youhr web page and thus far?
    I surprised with the research you made to maqke this particular post
    amazing. Great task!

  4. Robin says:

    Your post tell us each and every fact of emerald. I agree with Shiela that the real natural emerald gemstones are the best.

  5. Ryan Totten says:

    Wearing Emerald Gemstone is believed to beget an individual prosperity along with recognition and good name, but only if it is genuine….I am thoroughly impressed by the way you present your article, information and the ability to give unknown facts is the most surprising factor of all. This article looks very good.

  6. cathy says:

    Need identity stone see real emerald

  7. Jackson Hosfelt says:

    That’s my birthstone

  8. matikal says:

    so basically, you know it’s real if it’s not as good as a lab-created one?

    • Yes, specially inside of the gemstone it’s natural formation usually is not perfect, but there are some real high quality emeralds nicer than lab created ones and you must have a trained eye and knowledge to tell if it is real or not.

  9. Omar says:

    Can someone travel to Colombia to buy emerald .Is it easy to go there and safe

    • Yes Omar, the emerald market in Colombia is legally open to everybody, but you must know about how to buy emeralds because the emerald or any other gemstone market is like to swim in a shark tank. About safety it is like in all cities on the world, normally it is ok but there are good and not good places.

  10. Yahaira Garcia says:

    I’ve recently was out working and digging I found a rock picked it up and found what it seems to be an emerald camoflashed like a rock. A small peace broke off and that’s when I decided to keep it. I don’t know if it’s real or not it’s very sparkly tho. Can someone help me out.

    • Hi Yahaira, there are a some different green minerals, crystals and volcanic glasses in nature and the only way to determine what it is, is analyzing in person what you have, so bring the rock to an expert in the matter.

  11. Yahaira says:

    Thanks for responding my question. Now my other question is where do I take it to get it looked at??

    • Well, I don’t know where are you located, but in most of big cities you can to find online laboratories and independent graduated gemologist where to get your rock analysed, of course they charge a fee, plus turn-around shipping cost.

    • Jennifer says:

      NEVER ship your gem off if possible, or at least make VERY SURE the company has a VERY GOOD NAME and REAL PEOPLE to BACK THE CLAIM. I would look for a local Gemologist, You may be able to ask some of the jeweller stores where a good place is to get your gems looked at. The reason I myself am so WARY of things like shipping out or not being WITH the Jeweller while they handle and test your stone is because I have had rings with VERY OLD ANTIQUE Diamonds and they tried to STEAL them out of my ring and replace them with near identical FAKES/Newer, not as good Diamonds. They WERE caught attempting to do this, I now no longer clean the dirt away from my diamonds in the settng, that way they can’t be switched out, but they also don’t shine as nice. But I MUCH RATHER less shiny REAL ANTIQUE DIAMONDS, then FAKE or CRAPPY “replaced” diamonds.

  12. Mistycollins says:

    I recently found a rock similar to the color of these who can I contact to see if this is a real emrold

    • Mysticollins, There are too many natural rocks and crystal in nature and the normal way to know what is it, is to bring the rock to a gemologist to be analysed under the microscopy. I don’t know where are you located, so I don’t know where to find a gemologist close to you.

  13. Joyce says:

    Very helpful !
    Thank you.

  14. Alison says:

    So the bubbles are a good indication? I got one in a candle I got from what I sell! It has no markings as none of their metals do. It also has white stones. I’m guessing if the emerald is real that the diamonds would be real tool Is an emerald the only gem with bubbles for inclusions? Thanks! I did the acid test to see if the gold is real! I have to find my diamond tester to see if the side stones are diamond! How do I tell if it’s aventurine or jade?

    • Natural emeralds do not have air bubbles and do not exist an emerald tester like diamonds tester; all other gemstones are identified under microscope by a gemologist; gemstone dealers recognize them by practice and a trained eye under a X10 loupe.

  15. Asoka says:

    One of my friends got a stone, he says it is an emarald. It has air bubbles. So how can we find out whether it’s real.

    • Natural emeralds do not have air bubles

    • Reene says:

      I noticed that this article never covered the enhancement of natural emeralds which happens quite often. Not all jewelers sell enhanced gemstones but most do but they (according to the US Trade Commission) must inform the consumer, but a lot of jewelers do not. I have fallen victim to this a few times, in which I bought a genuine stone and found out by an independent appraiser that the stone was infused. I assumed they were heat treated but had no idea of other treatments done. Live and learn. This is why I have no problem with the lab created stones along with liking the look of them. One thing I learned is if the jeweler tells you not to used jewelry cleaner or an ultra sonic cleaner, it is beause they know that it will damage an enhanced stone.

  16. jepp says:

    Natural emerald do not have air bubbles and do not exist an emerald tester? Are u sure about that? According to others website having air. Bubbles is normal to natural emerald. Hmm

    • In the natural formation of beryls (emeralds, aquamarine, morganite and others)there is no place for air-bubbles among its particles; very often internal fractures occurs into the beryl and of course air is coming in, but that is different to a round and empty space forming an air-bubble like in volcanic glass or even in the glass industry. Electronic emerald tester like diamond tester as at this moment I don’t know about its existence.

  17. Katherine says:

    Do emeralds always look like glass? Clear, or can they look sort of “plastic-Y”. I have one with the flaws of a natural emerald, but it is not clear through like diamonds or glass.

    • Dear Katherine, thank you for visiting us, Well, yes all crystals natural or manmade can be very confusing for people without any expertise in the matter, that is the idea of all synthetic stones manufacturers and some vendors, they are making imitations, closest possible to the real ones; fortunately there are rules and laws to follow for all merchants legally established and licensed in the jewelry trade market, to disclosure honestly all details about the item we are selling to the our customers.

  18. Andrew Velez says:

    Hello my name is Andrew and i found a green stone and im trying to see if it is an Emerald what can I do to know if it’s real

    • You have to show the stone to an expert or send it to a lab to be analyzed

      • Mary says:

        I just received a so called Columbian Emerald from the United Kingdom with diamonds, sapphires and rubys. The emerald has a black spot in it, so Ive probably been deceived. What does it mean about the emerald if it has a black spot? Thank you

      • Hi Mary, it means that there is a high possibility to be a natural emerald. All emeralds around the world are born with all kind of impurities and a big portion of each stone doesn’t reach the transparent cristallisation required for commercial purposes. So, in the cutting process it is taken only the best part of each stone to get a gemstone, which normally loses the 75% of it and not all mined emeralds are eligible for fine jewelry. So your emerald was the best portion of the original mined stone; Brazil and Zambian emeralds have a beautiful color and crystal but too many inclusions.

  19. Crystal Sloan says:

    I found what I believe is an emerald rock. I dug it out of a river bed. How do I know if it’s real? Or if it’s even a emerald?

  20. Rhonda Cunningham Baacke says:

    I bought some emerald jewelry from Columbia. They say that the emeralds are not treated. They are not as dark or shiny as the emerald jewelry you buy in the States. I was wondering if it’s because the stones were not oiled? Is there a way I can oil the stones myself?

    • Hi Rhonda, in Colombia like in all mines around the world there are emeralds of all qualities, brightness and from the almost brilliant or milked white color passing through all green colors until a really deep green almost black color. The emeralds already placed in any jewel you bought in Colombia are no going to change at all with oil, they are just like that; everybody sales their merchandise at the best view to get the best payment. Unfortunately, people think that going to Colombia, Brazil or Zambia to buy emeralds without any knowledge about it, specially tourists, they think they are going to get a good deal on the open market, which is wrong because of inflated tourists prices and intermediaries, starting for the tourist guide that usually charges to the stores around 30% of each sale they generated bringing the tourists to them. In my page https://emeraldsandjewelry.wordpress.com/how-to-clean-emerald-jewelry-emerald-rings-at-home/ at the bottom of the page there are instruction about how to reoil emeralds that safely you can to try.
      Good luck and thank you for visiting us.

  21. lynnette says:

    kind of funny i still dont know what is rare fake emerald i have a vintage sets of earings and rings frm.grandma i need to know if rare or fake


    • Hi Lyn, Thank you for contacting us, well, the only way to know if your stones are real or fake is by inspecting them in person. If you can to find an expert jeweler in town, bring them to him but do not accept next day private or hidden examination, must be in your presence, they know you don’t know what you have. Any expert jeweler with a loupe in a minute can tell you his opinion. Only reputable and expensive laboratories are trustable for this labor.

  22. Carol Fox says:

    I have an emerald cabochon ring set in 18K white gold that has a gold backing on it. It is quite a large cabochon (around 17 cts.) and can also be converted to a pendant worn around the neck. The Hong Kong jewelers I have dealt with for many years have very high quality jewelry and have never before had an issue with them. But this particular piece has always concerned me because it is backed by solid white gold so cannot be seen from the back. I took it to a local jeweler who viewed it through a high power microscope and indeed says it is an emerald. But how do I know the color is naturally as pure a green as it appears. I look through a loup and even a 10Xloup, and it appears as rich green in every area even looking from the sides. It has the color of a Columbian emerald- extremely gorgeous. I was told the underside is covered to protect it and also that in the orient they often do that. What is your opinion on this?

    • Hi Carol, Thank you for coming here; well normally for all gemstones already set in a metal mounting must be visible around it, whether it’s faceted or cabochon, if the back side is covered, I understand your concern, I would be too, protection coverage on the back side is not needed and it usually is done for doublets in opals, or used to enhance stone color as you suggest. it is not possible to tell the real reason why a professional jeweler made it like that, probable because it is a convertible ring to a pendant piece and a stronger solid base is needed; as a professional jeweler I would made kind of screen on the base instead of a solid plate. At this point the only alternative I see is to request to The Hong Kong jewelers take out the emerald and to open the back side of the setting for future cleaning of the gem; probable after that your emerald will look transparent and a little bit pale color for sure; but if the emerald is good quality and genuine color, always its look will be beautiful and you will have peace of mind about it.

      • Sofia says:

        Hi, my mom got me emerald earrings that she bought in Colombia but I think they are not real emeralds. The emerald looks very clear , so clear that I can see through. I am not an expert but it looks like glass.
        I feel bad for my mom because she was very excited when she gave me the present I don’t know how to tell her they are fake .

      • Hi Sofia; If the emeralds set in the earrings have a very light green color it does not necessarily means they are fake. Colombian emeralds can be found with many shades of green (light, medium, deep and dark green), the only way to find out if the emerald are real or not is to take them to a local gemologist or a professional jeweler for a physical inspection.

  23. Arien says:

    Lab created gems are still real. They’re just not natural. They’re clearer because in the lab you can control the inclusions. They are still expensive. Lab created IS NOT FAKE. They take the same materials a gem is made of and put the pressure it needs to become a stone, to make them a little more affordable and ethical.

    • Gems made by man in laboratories are just that: “man made”; and they can be made in endless quantities; natural gems are extracted from the earth, created by nature and there is no more

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